1995 Refereed Journal Articles

Chen, F. and M. Ghil, 1995: Interdecadal variability of the thermohaline circultation and high-latitude surface fluxes. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 2547-2568.

Chen, F., K. Mitchell, J. Schaake, Y. Xue, H.L. Pan, V. Koren, Q. Duan and A. Betts, 1995: Modeling of land-surface evaporation by four schemes and comparison with FIFE observations. J. Geophys. Res., 101, D3, 7251-7268.

Dirmeyer, P.A. 1995: Problems in initializing soil wetness. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 2234-2240.

Doty, B.E. and J.L. Kinter III, 1995: Geophysical Data Analysis and Visualization using GrADS. Visualization Techniques in Space and Atmospheric Sciences, eds. E.P. Szuszczewicz and J.H. Bredekamp. (NASA, Washington, D.C.), 209-219.

Goswami, B.N., V. Krishnamurthy, and N.H. Saji, 1995: Simulation of ENSO-related surface winds in the tropical Pacific by an atmospheric general circulation model forced by observed sea surface temperatures. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1677-1694.

Huang, B., J.A. Carton, and J. Shukla, 1995: A numerical simulation of the variability in the tropical Atlantic Ocean, 1980-1988. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 835-854.

Huang, B., and E.K. Schneider, 1995: The response of an ocean general circulation model to surface wind stress produced by an atmospheric general circulation model. Mon. Wea. Rev. 123, 3059 - 3085.

Kirtman, B.P., B. Huang, J. Shukla and Z. Zhu, 1995: Tropical Pacific SST predictions with a coupled GCM. Experimental Long-Lead Forecast Bulletin, 4, No. 1, 1-5.

Lindzen, R.S., B.P. Kirtman, D. Kirk-Davidoff and E. K. Schneider, 1995: Seasonal surrogates for climate. J. Climate, 8, 1681-1684.

Mahfouf, J. F., J. Noilhan, C. Ciret, P. Thorton, Z. L. Yang, Y. Xue, Y. Shao, P. Irannejad, A. Haxeltine, 1995: Analysis of results from PILPS-RICE workshop, Part III: Transpiration. Global & Planetary Change, 13, 73-88.

Mechoso, C.R., A.W. Robertson, N. Barth, M.K. Davey, P. Delecluse, B.P. Kirtman, M . Latif, T. Nagai, S. Philander, P.A. Schopf, T. Stockdale, M. Suarez, O. Thual, J. Tribbia, 1995: The seasonal cycle over the tropical Pacific in general circulation models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 2825-2838.

Paolino, D.A., Q. Yang, B.E. Doty, J.L. Kinter III, J. Shukla, D.M. Straus, 1995: Results of a pilot reanalysis project at COLA. Bull. Amer. Meter. Soc., 76, 697-710.

Peng, P., 1995: Dynamics of Stationary Wave Anomalies. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland.

Robock, A., K.V. Vinnikov, C.A. Schlosser, N.A. Speranskaya and Y. Xue, 1995: Use of Russian soil moisture and meteorological observations to validate soil moisture simulations with biosphere and bucket models. J. Climate, 8, 15-35.

Schneider, E.K., B. Huang, J. Shukla, 1995: Ocean wave dynamics and El Niņo. J. Climate, 8, 2415-2439.

Shukla, J., 1995: On the initiation and persistence of the Sahel drought. Natural Climate Variability on Decade to Century Time Scales (National Academy Press, Washington, DC), 44-48.

Xue, Y., H.G. Bastable, P.A. Dirmeyer, and P.J. Sellers, 1995: Sensitivity of simulated surface fluxes to changes in land surface parameterizations. J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 386-400.